Archive for March, 2011

Case Study on Supply Chain Management

Case Study on Supply Chain Management

In today’s competitive environment, a company’s performance does not depend upon its capabilities alone. In the past decades, what had increased was: outsourcing, supply base reduction and consolidation. This has increased the reliance of buyers on their suppliers and has become the popular manufacturing strategy for companies. It is because of the increased dependence, that how main suppliers perform once in terms of quality, delivery, costs and services, affects the buying company’s performance. For instance, part shortages contributed to long production delays for Boeing’s 747 and 737 airplanes and a resulting loss of over $1 billion (McClenahen, 1998). Therefore, it is critical for a successful firm to understand a supplier’s capabilities and performance potential.

As the fourth-largest automaker in the world, “Toyota is committed to continuous improvement, looking forward to new tomorrows. Built-in car navigation system is getting more popular all around the world since it can provide a more convenient and safer environment for drivers. The aggregation of mapping data, for the navigation systems from Denso, is now available in almost every Toyota model in the UK.” ( Toyota’s navigation system supplier: “Denso, a $16.2 billion Japanese corporation, is the fourth largest independent automotive component supplier in the world. Denso’s vehicle navigation systems perform complex spatial data processing and were used by car manufacturers such as Toyota, Jaguar and Cadillac.” ( Moreover, Toyota is not the only buyer of Denso; but Denso is the only navigation supplier to Toyota. In this assignment, I will use supply chain theory to analyse how Toyota has managed its relationship with Denso and how Toyota can manage its supply chain better.

Historical background to the cooperation between Denso and Toyota
Navigation system in Denso Read more…

Sample Case Study on Conflict Management

Case study on Conflict Management

Conflict is an inevitable part of the human relatedness process. Conflict is “the interaction of interdependent people who perceive opposition of goals, aims, and values, and who see the other party as potentially interfering with the realization of these goals” (Putnam & Poole, 1987, p. 552).” (Ting-Toomey, 87) In such a competitive business arena, corporations must not only focus on increasing profit, retaining market share, etc., but must also deal with internal conflict management; which encompasses different methods on identifying and interjecting techniques related to the workplace environment. It is imperative that a clear definition of conflict management is discuss and to dissect the different layers that intertwine with one another, to grasp a better appreciation of all the techniques utilize in managing conflict. Conflict management consists of different types of identification, such as the different stages of moral development, which have an array of stages and levels. The different style use in conflict management is classified into three categories and several sub categories, which represents a two dimensional result and transitions into moral development and styles of handling conflict. Managing conflict usually falls upon employees, who must determine which style in which to cope with such a situation, such as, three forms of organizational justice and the styles in which they are handle.

The different stages and levels of conflict management indicates that, “…Integrating or problem solving style of handling conflict, when paired with other styles, leads to more effective conflict management. Now, if the application of a particular conflict style can lead to high or low performance, antecedents of the use of styles should be studied with a goal of strengthening antecedents that lead to high performance and other desired outcomes and minimizing antecedents that lead to low performance and other undesired outcomes. And if ethical standards are associated with high performance while lack of ethical standards are associated with low performance, then possible intervening variables through which those ethical standards are expressed surely…” (Ting-Toomey, 87) To clearly understand the complex integration of handling conflict, one must comprehend the moral factor, which is a motivating factor in decision-making. This highly complex process is dissect into several stages and levels which will transcend and integrate into the styles that are use to handle conflict. Read more…

Free Case Study on Decision Making

Case Study on Decision Making

Management is decision-making. It’s been estimated that about 75 percent of the average manager’s time is spent on the decision-making process: preparing to make a decision, reaching that decision or putting it into effect. But this is not to say that a manager should insist on making every decision required within the department. In fact extreme concentration of decision making authority is frequently a sign of ineffective management.

Another important factor is proper preparation for decisions. One of the most dangerous mistakes a manager can make is reaching a decision before completely sure of all the facts. A wrong decision hastily reached can nullify months of hard work. So postpone your decisions until you’ve been able to collect and evaluate all pertinent information. Be careful not to let caution lapse into procrastination. Once you have all the facts that you need, make your decision as speedily as possible. But don’t sacrifice wisdom for speed. If time is short you may have to make and act on a decision before you completely sure of it. Try to decide which phases of the problem are the most crucial; then solve these first and return to the less crucial items later.

The following four points form a systematic approach to sound decision-making. Using this approach will help you reduce to a minimum the risks involved in decision-making, while you improve your decision-making performance at the same time.

Read more…

Marketing Case Study on Nestle

Case Study on Nestle

Nestlé’s baby formula products affect the lives of innocent infants nationally and globally in a negative manner because of the organization’s poor communicative methods. This wealthy company has failed to thoroughly convey messages and instructions for their products as they branched out to non-speaking countries. This is just one of many communicative failures Nestle has committed, and it is the reason why this company has experienced infamous boycotts that are worthy of research and recognition.

In the following case study paper, we will comprehensively explain various topics dealing with Nestlé’s baby formula products including the following:

  1. The history and past reputation of its products that were distributed to developing countries.
  2. Marketing strategies and why they were unsuccessful.
  3. The demographics and statistics of its consumers and sales.
  4. The current state of the company today.

History and Past Reputation of Nestle Baby Formula Products
This company dates back to 1867, when a Swedish merchant, chemist and inventor named Henri Nestle founded it. The Swedish-based company was the first to produce and market infant formulas to mothers who were either unable to breast-feed and/or to lighten their burdens of motherhood. Like many inventors in historical text, Henri Nestle named his company after his own last name to personify the commercial business. Read more…

Business Case Study on John Deere

Case Study on John Deere

John Deere is a large and versatile American company that has dedicated their products to improve the quality of the work force and the look of your front yard.

From people who simply want to cut their grass in the back yard with their John Deere LT series riding tractor, to businesses that haul thousand of tons of ore or stone with their John Deere 4WD loader Dump truck. Deere’s targeted market is split into two major divisions. Half consisting of working/business oriented customers and the other half, homeowners. Deere offers high quality pieces of equipment to all sorts of large businesses. Contractors need backhoes and front loaders. Miners need massive dump trucks and earthmovers. John Deere also supplies the logging industry with logging machines and the farming industry with large tractors and farming supplies to make a living. The reliability of John Deere’s equipment is essential for the people who work with and around them.

John Deere has a large variety of cospetual and versatile pieces of equipment for full work force of different businesses. Along with the high quality equipment John Deere offers an extensive warranty plan known as the “Power Gard Protection plan”. This plan covers all failures of equipment due to original defective materials or workmanship. John Deere has also joined up with “ Crop” and “ Vantage Point Network “ to develop a high tech tool that gathers data while farming is being done. Information on product yields, quality items and other field information is available with this device. John Deere also has created a convenient system called “DeereTrax”. This system assists in locating a piece of equipment if it was missing or simply for the contractor/owner’s convenience. This system is easily installed and user friendly. Read more…

Muscle Case Study

Muscle Case Study

Skeletal muscles are the organs of the muscular system and are made up of skeletal muscle tissue, nervous tissue, connective tissue and blood. The human body is approximately made up of 600 skeletal muscles. The basic functions of the skeletal muscles are to provide movement of the bones, maintain posture, and produce heat.

Sometimes a muscle or a group of muscles can become injured due to overuse, the most common injury affecting baseball pitchers. Jason is a college pitcher who began to experience soreness of his right pitching arm. The twenty year old pitcher noticed a decline in duration as well as pitching abilities. The symptoms developed during the season are due to a decrease in conditioning and an increase of duration and intensity while in training season. Once Jason felt his conditioning was met, the main focus turned toward pitching alone. When the season began, the patient had already started to wear down the rotator cuff muscles by pitching entire games and using more force. With time, the depletion in performance was evident and resulted in a choice of using a different pitching method rather than resting the tired arm. Eventually, Jason was sent to see a team physician to be evaluated. The physician suspected the rotator cuff was the root of the problem. The rotator cuff consists of 4 tendons that belong to the subscapularis, supraspinatus, infraspinatus, and the teres minor muscles. These muscles encircle and stabilize the shoulder joint and deltoid. Pitchers usually are associated with this particular kind of injury because of the overhand throwing motion, known as circumduction, and repetitive use. Through a physical examination, the results support the doctor’s diagnosis. The MRI revealed inflammation of muscles in the right shoulder and arm.

MRIs are the most commonly used over an x-ray because if a tear in the muscles or tissues were present, the MRI is able to distinguish between the soft tissues. As for x-rays, it focuses more on broken bones, disabling the detection of any soft tissue contrast. The right arms range of motion revealed that it was reduced and guarded, meaning the arm was drawn unusually close to body. The ROM test consists of internal and external rotation as well as abduction of shoulder. Muscle force test is also performed to help measure muscle strength.

There are three different scales that may be used to measure strength; however the numerical scale was used in this particular case. The numerical scale ranges from one, for “no contraction”, through five, “normal contraction strength”; to further differentiate strength, a negative or a positive may be added to the number grade.

The purpose is to focus on each individual muscle and determine the strength and ability against resistance. Jason’s strength test, of the rotator cuff muscles, received a grade of 4-, which is considered a “normal” contraction grade. As for the visual examination, the right shoulder drooped and lacked free movement, in addition to the arm being drawn closely to his body. If the injury affected the rotator cuff nerve supply it would have affected the brachial plexuses nerves that consist of the lower subscapular nerves (subscapularis), suprascapular nerve (supraspinatus/infraspinatus), and the axillary nerve (teres minor). (Quintana, 2001) Read more…

Nursing Case Study

Nursing Case Study

I. Health History
The subject of my case study is W. K. W.K. is a 95 year old white male who was admitted to Moses Cone Hospital on November 23, 2002. Prior to being admitted to the hospital, W. K. had been in excellent health. His troubles apparently began three weeks prior to being admitted. On November 23, W. K.’s son found him lying on the floor confused, and soaked in urine.

Mr. K. was diagnosed as having an acute cerebral vascular accident. This disorder can also be described as a “stroke”. It occurs when there is an interruption of normal blood flow in one or more of the blood vessels that supply the brain. Thrombosis, embolism, and hemorrhage are the primary causes of a CVA. (Sommers and Johnson 2002) The tissues of the brain become ischemic, leading to hypoxia or anoxia with destruction or necrosis of the neurons, glia, and vasculature. Complications of CVA include unstable blood pressure, sensory and motor impairment, infection, pneumonia, contractures, and pulmonary emboli. CVA is the third leading cause of death in the United States and affects more than 500,000 Americans annually. (Sommers and Johnson 2002)

He was widowed in October of 2001, one daughter has coronary artery disease, one son died of an MI at age 37, and one son died with lung cancer at 57. He had been the primary care giver of his daughter until she was admitted to the hospital three weeks ago. She is dying with a short bowel syndrome and cirrhosis and is now being taken care of in hospice. Soon after being left alone, Mr. K.’s appetite decreased and he had become congested. He was placed on Paxil to treat symptoms of depression. He had also been taking Cipro for congestion. Also his family noticed that he was suffering from confusion. As a result, they brought him into the Emergency Room for evaluation. The Emergency Room doctors performed a CT scan of the brain which revealed evidence of old strokes. The doctors stopped the Cipro and placed him on Z-pack. This seemed to improve his state of confusion, as well as reduce his symptoms of congestion. Read more…