Archive for June, 2012

US Airline Industry Case Study

US Airline Industry Case Study

1. Introduction
In the following article, we will analyze an industry that has been heavily criticized due to its inability to generate profits. The financial performance of the US airline industry has been somewhat of a roller-coaster over the past 20 years. It is an industry that has seen its structure change more than once, it has been regulated and deregulated yet it is still a challenging puzzle for many economists and capitalists all over the world. Many investors would agree that putting one’s money into the airline industry is risky business.

1.1 Objectives of Report
An analysis of any industry involves the application of certain economic principles to the industry’s factor markets, consumption trends, and general productivity. The aim of following analysis is to accomplish the following objectives:

  • Understand how the structure of the airline industry drives competition between international legacy carriers and new low-cost carriers and how this competition has affected (negatively or positively) the level of profitability.
  • Evaluate the appeal of entry for industry newcomers by determining the major barriers involved in entry
  • Evaluate how changes such as regulation, deregulation, consolidation and private ownership have affected the structure and interpret this data in order to predict future trends on profitability
  • Identify key success factors towards improvement of profitability and capitalize on them by suggesting hypothetical changes to the industry structure that would favor these factors. Handouts pg. 9 (26) Read more…

Texaco Discrimination Case Study

Texaco Discrimination Case Study

The racial discrimination lawsuit filed against Texaco in the mid-1990’s, signaled the coming of age for the advancement of colored people and minorities. The case centered on a class-action suit filed, preliminarily by a few employees, but later was joined by approximately 1400 other employees. The facts have been presented were based on the testimony of some of the employees who felt they were discriminated against. Several experts were brought in to ascertain whether the facts were true. Several employees had stated that they were passed-up for promotion by their white counterparts. The claim was made that in many situations, Texaco did not advance minorities, women, blacks and other employees because it preferred its white male employees instead. There were pay gaps in positions of the same nature between the white male employees and others. Moreover, it was claimed that the percentage of upper management comprised of minorities and women was minimal compared to white males. The facts were collected by experts who were working for the government, who at the time had a strict policy of actively improving equality in the workplace. At the same time, civil rights groups such as the NAACP were pushing the government and the courts into bringing light onto the situation with Texaco and to act swiftly to resolve the issue in favor of the plaintiffs. Some facts, however, were not seriously considered as to why non-white employees were passed-over for promotion, had lesser salaries, and were underrepresented in the upper echelons of upper management. For instance, the issue of work experience with Texaco and with other corporations in the related field; qualifications, level of higher education, technical knowledge, the ability to work in a high-pressure environment with other employees, and the motivation to better themselves professionally as well as the working environment around them. It also came about that a secret recording surfaced, where Texaco executives allegedly used racial slurs against the plaintiffs in the case. Moreover, allegations surfaced that, when learning about the recording, the executives attempted to have the evidence destroyed. (Jet Magazine, 1996) Read more…

Schizophrenia Case Study

Schizophrenia Case Study

Introduction: Contracted Case Analysis
This case highlights a female diagnosed with schizophrenia. The letter written by the sister of the patient indicates 10 years of ongoing symptoms and heavily criticizes the Australian mental health care system. The sister has described feelings of degradation, stress, and discomfort, for herself as well as her mother, as caregivers for the patient. There is clearly not the possibility of a sufficient amount of care available to the patient, which may be the result of a small family. The patient was also left unattended at multiple instances by medical authorities as well as family.

Duty of Care/ Human Rights
As we can see, the patient was not in the proper state of mind to be able to properly self medicate, nonetheless, she was given, by medical authorities, the opportunity to do so. This was plainly not an accurate judgment on behalf of the nurses and doctors seeing as her condition escalated into something much more severe. In this case, the sister of the patient has challenged the current structure in the Australian mental health system in regards to duty of care being more, if not equally important than the right to privacy of a mentally ill person. This is an idea that has been challenged in many countries for many years.

In Indonesia, people with mental illnesses can be restrained against their will, and with no legal basis, be involuntarily treated. There is absolutely no requirement for a legal review of the need for hospitalization and there is no need for consent of the patient or a guardian to be admitted into, and detained in a hospital. (Imansyah et al., 2009). Here we can see the extreme opposite of our case, where the subject is given too many liberties, resulting in a detrimental effect on her health. It is difficult to find the appropriate balance between violation of human rights and fulfillment of the duty of care. However, it is important to act in accordance with the constitution. In doing so, a recommendation would be for the family members present to take a stronger and more present role in guardianship. If this is not possible, the state and medical authorities should assign a professional caregiver for the patient. Read more…