Case Study on Racial Discrimination
In the United States history, as a society we have been unable to accept being classified under one label. For instance, the financial network of the United States is not based solely on capitalism. Communism also exists in the United States economy. Like the economy, it is hard to classify the United States under one category when it pertains to race. Our place as a racial state has changed throughout history, but still remains a mix of two ideas, racial dictatorship and racial hegemony, working to becoming a racial democracy. In the beginning, and for most of its history, the United States was a racial dictatorship. Form 1607 to 1865, most non-whites were firmly eliminated from the sphere of politics (Omi 65). The consequences of the dictatorship still exist in the modern United States. First, ‘‘American” identity was defined as white, as the negation of racialized « otherness » (Omi 66). This was accomplished through laws and customs set forth by the majority. They were created to maintain power in the elite and separate the white from the colored in all aspects of socialization. Second, the racial dictatorship organized the “color line” rendering it the fundamental division in United States society (Omi 66). These “color lines” seem to be most prevalent in institutions where the color of your skin determined where you lived, what school you attended, and where you sat in restaurants and public transportation. Finally, the racial dictatorship consolidated the oppositional racial consciousness and organization originally framed by marronage and slave revolts, by indigenous resistance, and by nationalism of various sorts (Omi 66). It took real people from different cultures and grouped them into one generalized category. Instead of being labeled as your country of origin or where you lived, like « Americans » or « Africans », they were simply labeled black, therefore making them seem inferior to the dominant race. By grouping them into one category of little meaning, it takes away from their individuality and culture. Read more…
Case Study on Homelessness
As I was driving home from class last week, I was stopped at a red light on Biscayne Boulevard. On any given day in Miami I know I will see people wearing a T-shirt that says “The Homeless Voice” and Knowing I had this essay due I figured I could get something out of the newspaper. Well needless to say I donated some of my extra change that had accumulated in my car, but when I handed the loose change to the woman she praised me and said “Thank you sir and God bless you”. At that moment I realized how many people some of my spare change could help. I didn’t care that I had to do a case study essay on something I knew nothing of until then.
I sat down at my kitchen table and began to read the newspaper, and it touched me in so many ways. I never thought it was something so serious until reading so many different stories of how people became homeless. Each story touched my heart; there was one story in particular story that caught my full attention.
The story was about a man called Heavy. Heavy used to work for a traveling carnival. Then one day the carnival decided they didn’t need him anymore, so they dropped him off in Hollywood which is not too far from here. Heavy didn’t have much life skills. So the homeless voice, which is affiliated with “Helping People in America”, sent him to some life skills classes, in Broward County. He stayed there for about six months and was released, still without a job; Heavy would volunteer himself as a driver for the “Homeless Voice Shelter”, which he has called home for the past five years.
Now Heavy is 350 lbs and has diabetes, he also has heart problems. But with all these problems he is still grateful to have the shelter and those who helped him, he has said over and over again that he will volunteer until he dies. Well the organization had a donation; it was a motor home in which they had no clue as to what they should do with it. The organization decided to give Heavy the motor home. Heavy was so happy that he had tears in his eyes. He always felt that the world was against him, but on that day he was on top of the world.
After I read this story I sat there staring into thin air and began to wonder what it would have been like to be Heavy at that wonderful moment. It gave me goose bumps to think of all the horrible things he might have encountered in his life. It also made me happy to know that there are people who care about the homeless and do something to help them. From this moment on I will do my best to help any person in need, it’s the least I can do.
There are many other sad stories I read with many different reasons. Unemployment, Family/personal illness, alcohol/drug abuse, welfare time limits, physical/mental disability, and prison/jail were just some of the reasons people be come homeless. Homelessness is a huge problem world wide and I hope to see that the numbers of people who are home less drop drastically.
Case Study on Domestic Violence
Domestic violence represents a serious and long-standing problem in the United States as well as many other parts of the world. Domestic violence can take place between partners of the same sex and at times men are also victims of female partner abuse. However, in the vast of cases, the victims are women who were battered by their male partners.
In fact, each day the statistics on domestic violence against women get more and more horrifying. A woman is beat every fifteen seconds, thirty five percent of emergency room visits from women are because of ongoing partner abuse, and approximately four million incidents are reported each year.(Texas, 1) Many questions come up in regards to this issue. For example, what are the warning signals, why don’t women leave and carry on with their lives, what happens if they stay? These are only few of the questions I asked myself as I tried looking from the outside in.
Unfortunately, women are plagued with many different problems, and this sadly is the major one, which occur in different forms. Domestic violence is serious wherever and whenever it happens and in order to conquer this problem one must be educated and know that there is hope and help, but one must not stay quiet and stand up for herself before the worst occurs: death. Read more…
Sample Case Study on Gender Roles
It has long been recognised that men and women have significant differences, physical, social, emotional and intellectual. The roles they take on in regard to family life are, or have been in the past, directly dictated by their gender. Men and women are involved in roles in almost every aspect of life, from the social groups they join as children, to which position that they will potentially fill within a home. In conjunction with roles, we are expected to take a certain behavioural pattern. We have come to label this behaviour within stereotypes of the typical father ‘the provider’ and mother ‘the domestic labourer’ in post or pre industrial families. I shall be mainly focusing on western families as western gender roles differ somewhat to eastern traditions. Although these roles are fairly clear cut and socially reproduced, it is fair to say that each generation are to some extent forces these roles to evolve to better suit the social and cultural climate. This essay will set out to broadly define roles within the family and how throughout recent history these roles have been, and still are being forced to change and conform to shifting cultural and economic demands.
Even before you are born, your pre determined gender role is in formation. As soon as a child is born he or she begins to form their identity and so their role in society. Identities is unique, everyone has one without exception. You begin life within one of a few blank ‘moulds’ or ‘social jackets’ either you are male or female, black, white or Asian everyone begins life reasonably physically similar. From around the age where you begin to make decisions your individual identity is for you to develop and form.
Male and female roles begin to come in to practice within schooling and family activities and are then constantly developed and refined through life. Personal and collective Identities constantly evolve through experience and are reproduced within the home. Gender roles are first applied in the home; they are picked up alongside with manners and other social tools as children develop. Children learn a great deal about roles from their parents by merely observing their behaviour. Finer points of gender roles are defined by cultural background, tradition, geographic location or your family’s economic position. Economic status I believe has most bearing on future gender roles because the richer the family that a child has, more choices and opportunities are available. Read more…
Case Study on Drug Addiction
According to a recent report by the Royal College of Physicians (“Alcohol – can the NHS afford it?”), alcohol abuse is a growing concern in the UK, with more than one third of men and one fifth of women regularly consuming more alcohol than the recommended limits. The Scotsman recently reported that deaths related to alcohol consumption in Scotland have trebled in the last 20 years, and that alcohol-related health problems cost the Scottish NHS £100 million per year (Scotsman, 29/09/03). Drug misuse is also on the increase, with a Chamber of Commerce report claiming that illicit drug taking has increased by 30 percent in the last seven years. The Observer claims that ecstasy use has doubled to 2.2 percent of the population in the last five years, a higher proportion than in any other country apart from Australia and Ireland (Observer, 28/09/03).
The sheer scale of alcohol and drug abuse in the UK has obvious consequences for the workplace, especially when it is estimated that up to 75 percent of those with alcohol problems are currently in employment (Forum Issue 29). According to an article in People Management in May 2000, up to 14 million working days a year are lost across Britain due to alcohol-related absence. Ninety per cent of personnel directors from top UK organisations surveyed in 1994 (1995 HEA) stated that alcohol consumption was a problem for their organisation. A more recent study, (Drink, Drugs and Work) published in August 2000 reported that 60 percent of employers complained about employee problems due to alcohol misuse, and 27 percent about problems due to drug misuse.
Despite this, a CIPD study of organizations in the UK published in 2001 shows that around 40 percent of respondents had no formal policy on alcohol or drugs.
This report will identify some of the operational and strategic issues raised by alcohol and drug misuse in the workplace. It will then go on to explore the resources available to organizations looking to develop an alcohol and/or drugs policy and the possible problems associated with policy development. Theories on workplace health and surveys of organizational reality will underpin the evaluative side of the report.
In the CIPD report “Alcohol and drug policies in UK organizations” (2001), companies cited a variety of operational issues that resulted in the introduction of an alcohol and/or drug policy. Employee absence was foremost amongst these, with 55 percent of respondents naming this as a reason for policy development. Up to 14 million working days are lost each year as a result of alcohol-related illness (People Management, May 2000). Loup (1994) states that drug and alcohol abusers are absent from work two to eight times more often that the average employee. The direct and indirect costs of employee absence are manifold and can include sick pay, overtime for colleagues covering the absence, the cost of hiring and training temporary or replacement staff and the time taken doing this, the demotivation and frustration of remaining staff, and possible further absence as a result. Labour turnover can also be affected, as drug and alcohol users tend to change jobs more frequently than average (Loup).
Disciplinary action as a result of alcohol or drug related incidents, and deterioration in individual performance also figured prominently in the CIPD report as reasons for developing policy, being invoked by 46 and 40 percent of companies respectively. Other responses included damage to customer/client relations (and presumably also damage to the company’s reputation and possible loss of business), decreasing productivity and rising accident levels. Butler (1994) suggests that an employee dependent on drugs may be up to 25 percent less productive than an average employee. Loup agrees with this and also highlights the likelihood of inferior product quality. Furthermore Loup states that the accident rate for drug abusers is about four times that of an average worker, and that up to 40 percent of workplace deaths can be related to drug abuse. The legal implications of accidents caused by workers who are under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs will be discussed later. Read more…